How to care for a vegetable garden? This is one of the most important questions for a vegetable gardener. In order to get maximum optimum production or yield some operations are needed which are to be performed in between sowing and transplanting up to harvesting and thus a perfect or suitable environment is created for the growth and development of vegetable plants. These operations are called intercultural operations.
By reading this article I think you will get the answer to the question of how to take care of a vegetable garden properly.
How to care for a vegetable garden
There are many intercultural operations applied during vegetable production. Some intercultural operations are major which have to do with some special vegetable crops. Some major and special intercultural operations are described in brief here.
Weeding is a process by which the harmful effects of weed can be maintained to a minimum level in a place. Weeding may be defined in many ways but in a word, weed may be defined as useless or harmful plants that purchased in growing why it is unwanted weed reduces the quality of vegetables by competing with them for nutrient space light water so weeding is necessary for a vegetable field.
Objectives of weeding
- To increase the vegetable production
- To protect the desired plant from insect and disease infestation as weed acts as the harbor of insect and pathogen.
- To reduce the competition of light, space, nutrients, water, etc. between crop plants and weeds.
2. Earthing up
Earthing up consists of shifting the soil from the central portion of the space between the row of the crops toward the base of the plants so as to cover and close up the spreading tillers. As a result, the initiation of new tillers and rhizomes in turmeric and ginger are restricted.
Whereas the pegs of groundnut the stolons and tubers of potato and stilt root of maize are covered with soil which protects them from solarization, provide better anchorage to plants keeps the field weed-free and server to make drains as well as water channels.
3. Gap filling
sometimes seed maybe not germinate due to some causes or may not survive at the early stage of planting in that case the seeds or seedlings are sown or transplanted in the vegetable field where it is not germinated or established.
To fill up these gaps with seeds or seedlings is called gap-filling. It is generally done at the early stages of plant growth so that the plants can be matured at the same time mostly these practices are followed line sown vegetables or vegetables are planted in rows.
It is a method covering the soil with some organic or inorganic materials to prevent excessive evaporation or breaking the water layer over the soil surface aiming to conserve the soil master is called mulching. Mulching is very important for a vegetable garden.
Objectives of mulching
- To reduce evaporation
- To reduce water and soil losses
- To help in controlling weeds
- To enhance the soil for soaking and observing water
Types of mulching
Mulches are two types
- Natural mulch; water hyacinth, straw, etc.
- Artificial mulch; polythene paper etc.
To remove excess plants from the crop field is called thinning. The main objective of thinning is to maintaining an ideal plant population in the crop field. Thinning is generally done at the early stages of growth during the weeding. Excess plants in the crop field reduce crop yield.
Irrigation may be defined as the application of a sufficient amount of water into the crop field when necessary. There are many situations in which crop plants can be made to grow satisfactory only with the soil of irrigation and in many other crops, production and profit will be increased greatly by it.
Water is a very essential element of a plant body which is necessary both for physiological and biological processes. If there is insufficient water for plant growth, curling of leaves, changing in color, and in such situation irrigation is needed. Irrigation depends on air, temperature, the atmospheric condition of the soil, the water-holding capacity of the soil, growth stages, and root depth.
The plant required water from germination to vegetative growth and till maturity 70-90% of water present in vegetables. Different vegetables required irrigation in different stages of their growth in some cases irrigation/watering is needed in higher amounts and in some cases lower amount. This is a very important way of how to take care of a vegetable garden.
The artificial removal of excess water from the field is called drainage.
Supplementary preparation of drainage or conditioning maybe part taken of one or more of the following form-
- Drainage excess water from the wetland
- Preventing overflow on lowland
- Removing a substance from embankment land
- Applying water to dry land retaining runoff from slip-land
Kinds of drainage
- Surface drainage
- Subsurface drainage
Benefits from artificial drainage
- Improve aeration
- Less loss of Nitrogen and Nitrogen gas from the field
- Increase the efficiency of phosphorus fertilizer
- Save the crop from excess water
- Reduce the build-up of toxic substance in soil
- Adequate drainage is necessary for reclaiming saline, saline-sodic, and sodic soils
In order to grow vegetables well, we should follow the above tips. I think you’ll get the answer to the question of how to care for a vegetable garden. I believe if you implement these steps into your garden you will get good results.
Keyword: 7 Basic Tips On How To Care For A Vegetable Garden Properly