How to Build a Pergola on a Patio

How to Build a Pergola on a Patio

You can add a pergola to your patio for some extra shade and privacy. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to build a pergola on a patio.

Check out this video for more information:


Building a pergola on a patio is a great way to create an outdoor living space. Pergolas provide shade and can also be used to support climbing plants. They are relatively easy to build, but there are a few things you need to know before you get started.

First, you need to choose a location for your pergola. It should be in a spot where it will get plenty of sun and where it will not be in the way of foot traffic. Once you have chosen a spot, mark out the dimensions of the pergola using stakes and string.

Next, you need to prepare the area for building by removing any existing grass or weeds. Once the area is clear, you can start putting together your pergola kit. If you are not using a kit, then you will need to cut all of the lumber to size before beginning assembly.

Once everything is cut to size, it’s time to start building! Begin by attaching the posts to the base plates, then add the cross beams and rafters. Finish up by attaching the purlins (if using) and adding any trim or decoration that you desire.

Building a pergola on your patio is a great way to create an outdoor living space that can be enjoyed for years to come!

Materials Needed

Building a pergola on a patio is a great way to create an outdoor living space. Here are the materials you will need to build a pergola on a patio:
-4×4 posts
-2×4 lumber
-Wood screws
-Galvanized nails
-Concrete mix
-Posthole digger
-Tape measure
-Circular saw

Step One: Preparing the Area

The first step in building a pergola on your patio is to prepare the area. You will need to clear the area of any debris, level the ground if necessary, and make sure the area is large enough to accommodate the pergola you plan to build. You should also make sure there are no underground utilities in the area where you will be digging.

Once you have prepared the area, you will need to build a foundation for your pergola. The most common type of foundation for a pergola is a concrete slab. If you do not want to pour a concrete slab, you can also build a wood frame foundation or use pavers.

After you have built your foundation, you will need to install your posts. The most common type of post for a pergola is a 4×4. You will need to dig holes for your posts and set them in concrete. Once your posts are in place, you can begin installing the rafters and crossbeams.

The last step in building your pergola is to add any finishing touches, such as trim or decorations. Once your pergola is complete, you can enjoy it for years to come!

Step Two: Installing the Posts

This step-by-step guide will show you how to build a pergola on a patio in your backyard.

First, you’ll need to install the posts. If you’re building your pergola on an existing patio, you’ll need to dig holes for the posts and pour concrete footings. We recommend using 6×6 posts for this project.

Once the concrete has cured, you can start installing the posts. Begin by attaching the two outside posts to the brackets. Then, add the middle post and attach it to the top of the outside posts. Be sure to use screws or lag bolts to secure the posts in place.

Step Three: Adding the Beams

After the posts have dried, it’s time to add the beams. You will need two beams that are at least 8 feet long and 6×6 inches in width. Place the beams on top of the posts so that they are evenly spaced and level.

Mark the location of the holes for the bolts. Drill holes through the beams and into the posts. Add washers and bolts to secure the beams to the posts.

Finish by adding crossbeams. These can be shorter, but should also be at least 6×6 inches in width. Place them so that they intersect in the middle of the pergola. Secure them to the beams with washers and bolts.

Step Four: Adding the Lattice

The lattice is what will give your pergola that classic, Honey, I Shrunk the Kids look. It’s also what will provide shade and privacy, if that’s what you’re going for.

To add the lattice, first measure and cut the vertical supports to size. Then, using your drill and 3” screws, attach the supports to the inside of the pergola posts, perpendicular to the crossbeams.

Next, it’s time to add the horizontal crosspieces. These will go in between the vertical supports, creating a lattice-like effect. Again, measure and cut these pieces to size before attaching them with 3” screws.

Finally, you can add any additional trim or decoration to really make your pergola pop!

Step Five: Adding the Shade Cloth

Installing the shade cloth is the final step in building your pergola. You will need to purchase a shade cloth that is big enough to cover the entire top of your pergola. Make sure that you buy a shade cloth that has grommets along the edge so that you can easily attach it to the rafters.

To install the shade cloth, start by draping it over the top of the pergola. Then, use zip ties to attach the cloth to the rafters. Make sure that you pull the shade cloth tight so that there are no wrinkles. Once you have attached all four corners of the shade cloth, trim off any excess material.


In conclusion, building a pergola on your patio is a great way to add some character and charm to your outdoor space. With a few simple tools and materials, you can easily build a pergola that will last for years to come. Be sure to check with your local building code authority to obtain any necessary permits prior to beginning your project.

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