Growing Fruits And Vegetables By Good Agricultural Practices

Growing Fruits And Vegetables By Good Agricultural Practices

Growing fruits and vegetables by Good Agricultural Practices: GAP is a method of integrating the environmental, economic and social security of overall agricultural activities, resulting in the availability of safe and quality food and non-food agricultural products. It is a set of policies and technical recommendations that are applied at different levels of overall agricultural production, processing, and transportation.

It is becoming possible to produce safe and quality fruits and vegetables and it is also possible to facilitate exports by following the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) in almost all parts of the world.

There are various risks involved in transporting, marketing, warehousing, and storing goods from agricultural production. It is very important to keep agricultural products especially fruits and vegetables safe from all these obstacles. Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) has been introduced in almost all parts of the world to make agricultural production management safe and quality.

Importance of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)

GAP improves public food security and agro-production environment by producing and supplying safe and quality agro-based foodstuffs and other agro-products. It integrates the proper use of chemicals used in agriculture, reduces land and water pollution, and integrates processing and transportation management. It serves as an important guide at all stages of agricultural production activities.

The social acceptability of agricultural products increases by following Good Agricultural Practices. It creates new and competitive markets for agricultural products at home and abroad and improves the quality of life of producers and farmers. In addition, GAP maximizes the use of natural resources, protects workers’ health, and improves the work environment.

Growing fruits and vegetables by Good Agricultural Practices

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The GAP policy on vegetable and fruit production has
specific guidelines for each level of crop production which ensures safe and
quality yields. However, GAP policies and recommendations must be followed from
the beginning of crop production. There are some differences in GAP policies
and recommendations for crops and varieties.

1) GAP’s guidelines on site selection

Suitable site selection is very important for fruit and
vegetable production. The location should be selected considering the variety and
quality of the crop. Without proper site selection, there may be economic
losses and adverse effects on the quality of the products produced. The soil of
the site should be analyzed in the laboratory at regular intervals.

Farmland should never be allowed to be used for non-agricultural purposes because it can lead to infection of microorganisms and toxic chemicals.

2) Cultivation environment and cultivation method

  • The cultivated crop or variety must be compatible with climate, soil, market demand, crop layout, and production target.
  • Quality seeds or seedlings should have a high germination rate, and pure.
  • Quality seeds or seedlings should be collected from approved and trusted sources and the purchasing and transport information should be stored.
  • The ability to withstand high to moderate tolerant, delicious, long shelf life, market competitiveness and transport injury/stress, and the ability to fight against the main diseases and pests should be taken into account when selection crops or varieties.
  • Fertilizer levels need to be adjusted based on soil tests.
  • Raw organic matter or humus excrement should not be used, natural manure and chicken manure must be well digested. Fertilizer quantity and application procedure must be followed properly.

3) Water quality and irrigation

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Water quality is very important for microbial infection of fresh fruits and vegetables. It is an important issue that irrigation should be applied according to the demand of the crop. If irrigation is more or less, crop production may be disrupted. So moderate irrigation should be provided in a proper method.

4) Crop protection

Hygienic and environmentally friendly integrated pest management systems should be followed for crop protection. Pesticides can be applied at the recommended doses and in the right way if integrated pest control management is not effective. Proper selection of pesticides is very important for effective control of pests.

The pest which affects the crop must be identified before selecting pesticides. Pesticides should be applied only by adults in the prescribed dosage, in proper condition, following all rules, regulations, and breaks. The pesticide mixture should be prepared using good quality clean water in a designated, safe, and ventilated area.

5) Crop collection and storage

The exact timing and method of harvesting, processing, and warehousing are very important for the quality of the product. The quality of the product largely depends on them. The maturity index should be determined and the crop should be collected or harvested.

Pre-Harvest Interval and Withdrawal Period (Period of
collection and overcoming of poisoning after application of pesticides on crops)
expired instructions must be followed strictly during Harvesting

6) GAP’s instructions on data collection

Transparent, accurate, and up-to-date information on production and post-collection activities must be maintained. Such a method should be taken so that it is possible to follow all the information of certain activities from the farm to the sale. This information must be stored for at least two years.

Keyword: Growing Fruits And Vegetables By Good Agricultural Practices

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